First-Class Animal Liberation
Acquiring The First-Class Animal Liberation Information facts isn’t always easily done , particularly if you’re a novice. This astute and specific recap will help you determine a solution that is useful and appropriate, no matter your level of experience.
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Humans use animals for a variety of reasons, in some ways, their purpose is noble in others, not so much. But the cruelest way to treat the animals is to use them for research. Unfortunately, today’s economy, demands on the market and big companies have the greatest impact on animals’ life. When the profit is to be made, no one will stand in their way. Based on some estimates, people in America eat 5 billion of animals each year. On the other hand, 110 millions of pets are kept in the households across the United States. In human life, animals have found different purposes, like transportation, recreation, sport and the most popular one is the companionship.
The cruelest ways in which the animals are treated
In some way, people see them as an ideal replica of themselves. They are kept in research facilities, imprisoned and under the special treatment, where scientist can monitor their progress and reaction. And we are talking here about different types of projects and research. From diseases research to drug testing. Come companies even use animals to test their beauty products on them. But, why are the animals so convenient. The main reason, scientists, use animals is because they cannot perform their tests on humans. Also, some animals have a similar genetic structure to people, which makes them very convenient, based on their opinion. From mice, monkeys, rabbits, frogs, cats and dogs, everything is being killed with the purpose of the experiment.
Laboratories are the source of the evil
In these artificial conditions, a scientist creates new drugs and fed them to animals. They make new diseases and viruses and inject them into animals, to see their reaction, possible cause, and the consequence. Animals are kept in cages and strictly monitored the condition. Unfortunately, they all end up dead or suffering through their short life.
Public awakes slowly
Even though 50% of Americans are against the animal testing and using the animals in research, they aren’t ready to offer lots of help regarding this problem. Some organizations fight animals right and liberation, but that process is very slow. The industry is a powerful machine, and it takes time and strategy to fight it. Most of the organizations are small and even larger one like A.L.T. have troubles facing this problem. They are always hiding and going underground because they are afraid of repercussions and authorities.
Saltwater aquariums are beautiful additions to a home. They are tranquil and have a unique landscape that differs greatly from those of freshwater aquariums. The fish available for saltwater tank tend to be be larger and more vibrantly colored than their counterparts, making them even more desirable. Setting up a saltwater aquarium is challenging but it doesn’t need to be overwhelming. It’s only moderately different from setting up a freshwater aquarium. The entire process will take six to eight weeks.
Location, Location, Location!
Find a place in your house where the aquarium doesn’t get direct sun. Your aquarium lights will provide all the lighting needed for an aquarium. Direct sunshine will make algae grow quickly and can kill fish by overheating the tank. Fish are also used to sun coming from above, not the side so you may not see them as often. Put your aquarium on a stand that is very strong. A small aquarium can be put on a strong table or shelf but larger aquariums can weigh thousands of gallons so buy a stand that is reinforced for the weight.
Buy an Aquarium
Larger aquariums are actually easier to keep than smaller. This may seem illogical but water fluctuations are smaller because of the large quantity of water. It is also harder to overstock a large tank – overstocking leads to excessive fish waste and poor water quality. Buy the largest aquarium your budget will allow. Wide aquariums are better than the new tall ones. They are easier to maintain, the fish have more air surface at the top and the fish prefer to swim side to side instead of up and down.
Substrate is the type of material you put on the bottom of your aquariums. Sand is the most common substrate with saltwater aquariums. Two inches of sand are a good start to the aquarium. The sand should be sterile — without any chemicals and purified — and rinsed to remove any dust. Smooth it out over the bottom of the aquarium.
Add the heater, filter, hood and lighting to the aquarium. The installation will vary depending on the type of equipment you have, but most heaters stick to the back of the aquarium with a suction cup. Hoods attach with two pins at the back, and lights are built into the hood. Use full-spectrum lightbulbs that are available at your pet supply store. Filters vary quite a bit. Some rest on the back of the tank and suck water out and pour it back in. Others stick on the inside of the tank.
Place a plate on top of the sand and slowly fill the aquarium with water. Stop once it is one-third full. By pouring water onto the plate you stop the sand from being disrupted by the force of the water. Add dechlorinator to the water according to the package instructions.
Make the Saltwater
Buy a salt mix and prepare the water according to the package’s instructions. The saltiness of the water is measured by the water’s gravity with a hydrometer. You want your water to have a measurement of 1.021 to 1.024. A low reading requires more of the salt mix. If the reading is too high you need to add more water. Continue adding water until the tank is full and the water has the desired reading.
Run the Aquarium
Now it’s time to turn on your aquarium’s equipment and let it run. This will let you know if there are any problems with the equipment and allow you to set the temperature of the tank.
Live rocks are rocks brought from the ocean that have live bacteria and other microscopic life in them. They work as a biological filter and help keep the aquarium in balance. You can find these at your local fish store. Add as many as desired.
Cycling the Aquarium
Cycling your aquarium is an important step that too many people skip. By cycling the aquarium you build up the good bacteria that will help balance the fish waste in the tank. Start cycling your aquarium by adding 1 tsp. of ammonia to the tank every day. Ammonia is the waste that your fish eliminates so by adding it to your fish tank you mimic the waste of the fish. If you do not cycle your aquarium properly your tank will not be able to handle the addition of fish and your fish will get sick or die.
Use a liquid test kit to test the aquarium every two days. Test for nitrites, nitrates and ammonia. Keep a record of these numbers. In two to four weeks you will see a spike in these numbers and then they will taper down to zero. Continue cycling the tank for two more weeks to ensure there is sufficient bacteria.
Start adding fish to the aquarium a few at a time. Choose hardy fish that won’t be affected by any water changes. Damsels and clownfish are common first additions. Let the new fish adjust for a few weeks before adding a new species. Continue stocking your tank this way until it is fully stocked.
Just because your tank is cycled doesn’t mean it will always be balanced. Test your aquarium weekly to catch any problems before your fish get sick.
For many people a dog or puppy is just like a child, so it can be very distressing to find out that your dog is ill. If the illness is caught early, on many occasions it can be cured quickly. However, it can be difficult to see the early signs so here are the signs to tell if your dog is ill.
1. What is the Urine Like?
A dog’s urine should be clear. The lighter yellow the color the better they are. A sign of dehydration is dark yellow urine. However there are many other conditions that can be caught by the color of the urine. If you see blood in your dog’s urine, or it is cloudy or completely clear then you should get your dog to the vet. This can be a sign of kidney infections or problems with the bladder and can turn very serious if not looked into.
2. Is Your Dog’s Nose Dry?
A dog’s nose should be wet and cold, although it should not be runny; that is a sign of a cold. If your dog’s nose is dry and a little warm, it could mean that it is dehydrated. On a more serious note it could be a sign of illness. Monitor your dog’s water intake and if you find that it is still dry after a few days, take it to your vet.
3. What are the Gums Like?
Just like humans, your dog’s gums should be pink in color and not red. Red gums are a sign of infection or gum disease and need to be taken care of straight away. Also check the teeth for any tooth decay and watch for any excessive drooling; this could also indicate one of the two problems.
4. Is Your Dog Vomiting?
Vomiting and Diarrhea are clear signs that your dog is ill. Sometimes it could be some minor like your dog swallowing something that it was not supposed to or an allergic reaction to some food that you have given it. The symptoms will usually only last a day if that is the case, however if you find that they are continuing on for longer then it could be something different. Check regularly to see if the diarrhea continues for longer than a day. Another thing to look for is any blood or whether the diarrhea is black. If you find anything like this then see your vet immediately.
5. How Long Does Your Dog Sleep?
It is important to take into account the dog’s age, since this does have an impact on how long it will sleep. However, a long period of sleep is often linked to illness; your dog needs sleep to recover. On the other hand, your dog may be struggling to sleep, which is another sign of illness. Keep an eye on it and if the problem persists, speak to your vet.
Looking after your dog in the early years can help it to live a fuller and longer life. Taking your dog for regular walks will help to keep it fit and also helps with its health. Treat it as you would a child, it cannot tell you when something is wrong, it relies on you.
For most people having a pet is more than just that. They consider animals living with them members of their family. There are even people claiming that they provide affection to their pet equal to what they give to their own children. However, certain circumstances can lead families to abandoning their four-legged love ones.
While it is quite difficult to part ways with our pets, sometimes it’s all the options we have. Even Sylvester Stallone had his fair share of this heartbreak when he sold Butkus, his bull mastiff, when he was down to his luck. Don’t worry; he bought him back after producers paid for the script he wrote for Rocky.
But some people aren’t as talented as old Sly and have to opt for animal shelters as the new home for their pets. The next best thing you could do to them, however, is find a place where they can be really taken care of, and where they have a possibility of getting adopted.
Be wary of some shelters
When finding a new home for your dogs or cats, make sure that you’re sending them to a shelter that has a good reputation. While there are places where they certainly keep an eye out for your pets and treat them humanely, there are others that have been shut down for having shoddy conditions.
One example is a shelter run by Animal Care and Control located in Manhattan which was recently slammed shut by City Controller Scott Stringer.
Stringer found out that the shelter has been giving expired drugs to animals in the period of four months before probes discovered this was the case after reviewing the place’s records.
They’ve also found improper storage of vaccines where it shared room with the workers’ lunches, as well as the remains of dead animals. Appalling is an understatement.
It also turned out that the group has a contract of $51.9 million dollars with the city which required the shelter to have a computerize system that tracks down drugs and vaccines that could pose serious health threats to pets and the people working for them. A system that is lacking during Stringer’s probing.
Finding a better home
Doing a bit of research to find a better home for your pets can go a long way in ensuring that they be place in shelters that attends to their needs.
Center for Animal Health and Welfare is a great example that takes care of abandoned pets. One great philosophy that this place adheres to is they don’t practice animal euthanasia. They’ve been sticking to this rule since adopting the policy since 2004.
However, this is also the reason that the shelter is struggling. They’re still keeping it together through donations and volunteer work though, but it’s not enough given how many animals are coming in. The group is making every effort to spread news regarding the shelter’s needs and hopes that more people would provide donations or just lend a helping hand with the strays.
Remember that finding a better home doesn’t necessarily mean that you should seek places which has up-to-date facilities and has deep pockets to take care of the animals under them. Sometimes all you need is a shelter where people genuinely care.
Aging dogs present special dog health challenges for their owners. However, with a little effort and a lot of love, they can continue to enrich their owners’ lives.
Like humans, dogs lose strength and capabilities as they age. They move a little slower. They need more time to get where they are going and they may need more trips outside to “do their business.” When devoted owners see that their dog is starting to fail, they may conclude that the end is near. They may begin wondering how many years the dog will be part of the family.
However, dogs and humans age differently. Even a dog that is physically disabled may be able to enjoy life. Owners need to remember that dogs like to feel they have a job. Even a good “sit-stay” can be a job. Therefore, dogs that are going deaf, losing their sight or feeling stiffened by arthritis can still contribute to their owners’ lives. It’s up to the owner to help the dog maintain dignity and a sense of purpose.
The Deaf Dog
Dogs can begin to lose their hearing as they age. Owners can teach these dogs some basic hand signals. In fact, owners might consider introducing hand signals as they teach dogs to sit, lie down and come when called. Dogs that associate hand signals with voice commands will adapt easily.
Owners can get a deaf dog’s attention by tapping gently on the floor. Additionally, an owner can toss a pillow or toy in the dog’s line of sight. Once the dog pays attention, the owner can introduce hand signals.
The Aging Blind Dog
Humans often are surprised at how well dogs adjust to losing their sight. After all, unlike humans, they have never had to read or drive. Their other senses will compensate for loss of vision.
Some owners spray inexpensive perfume on large pieces of furniture. The dog associates the smell with an obstacle that should be avoided.
Arthritis and Aging Dogs
Dogs with arthritis will move slowly and awkwardly. Sometimes a veterinarian will prescribe medication or will encourage over-the-counter vitamins and medication. Unfortunately, these remedies do not help all dogs.
As a dog becomes unable to play, it is important for owners to remember to include the dog in the activities of the household. Some dogs will appreciate owners who move their beds to a living room or kitchen area, where they can sleep and still feel part of the family. Owners can help the dog feel involved by maintaining rituals they developed with their dog over the years, such as watching television together on the couch.
Of the “pocket pets” – the name given to the class of diminutive rodents most often kept as pets – the guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) requires the most care.
The average lifespan for a guinea pig is 5-7 years; however, there are records of some that have lived until 11 years of age. Like other domesticated pets, care has improved over the years thus increasing lifespan.
Care and Diet
Cavies require a diet of timothy hay (or alfalfa for young cavies) and fresh vegetables. Timothy pellets or alfalfa pellets are also recommended; however, recent schools of thought suggest that pellets are perhaps not necessary to a healthy diet and in fact cause weight gain. Adding pellets to a diet, therefore, should be done at the discretion of the caregiver.
Feeding fresh vegetables daily; however, is not debated by any cavy owner. Guinea pigs are unable to produce Vitamin C – so they require vegetables to get this much needed resource into their diets. The best and safest way to insure good nutrition is to use fresh, leafy greens. Parsley, cilantro, romaine lettuce (avoid iceberg), endive, kale, green peppers and cucumbers are all good sources of Vitamin C for cavies.
Guinea pigs require a great deal of space to be kept properly. A cage for a single guinea pig should be 2’ X 3’ at the minimum. If two or more guinea pigs are kept than the cage should be expanded 2’ per guinea pig. Most commercial cages sold for guinea pigs are not adequate and should be avoided for use other than as transport or quarantine cages for sick cavies. The best way to get a sufficiently sized cage is to build or buy a C&C cage (cubes and chloroplast) cage. Not only do these cages grant ample room, but they are significantly cheaper to buy/build and are also easier to clean.
Aspen shavings, Carefresh bedding or Yesterday’s News bedding all make excellent substrates for a cavy cage. Fleece linings also work; however, this will require a good deal of laundering to keep the cages fresh. Bedding should be changed every 1-2 weeks depending on if spot cleaning is done daily.
Guinea pigs are herd animals so they prefer to live in groups of two of more. Special care should be taken that only same sex pairs be housed together or, if opposite pairs are chosen – that the animals be properly altered to prevent unwanted births. Before making the decision to breed cavies – it is important to note that many unwanted guinea pigs already exist and are currently seeking homes. Also, guineas pigs have a pregnancy mortality rate of twenty percent making the endeavor risky for the sow (female guinea pig) and the potential babies. Sexing guinea pigs is difficult to do when they are young and therefore should often be left to a veterinarian familiar with cavies.
Boars (male guinea pigs) may be housed together; however, if a cage is too small or one is too dominant they may fight and may need to be separated. There are many ways to introduce cavies to each other to insure successful pairings.
Housing two guinea pigs is ideal for their happiness; so much thought should be given to this important decision.
Handling & Exercise
Guinea pigs can and should be handled on a regular basis. The best way to pick up a cavy is by supporting is rear with one hand while scooping its upper body up with the other hand. Given their naturally docile temperament, guinea pigs rarely bite.
Ideally a guinea pig should be picked up and held daily. Since cavies are sedentary creatures watching TV or reading a book is a great way to socialize them. Younger guinea pigs may require more “floor time” and thus a small pen should be constructed so that they may run about. Rare is the guinea pig that is litter-trained so placement of the pen should be done on a towel or area that can be easily cleaned.
Guinea pigs may be taken outdoors only if proper care is taken that they are not put into any danger while outside. A cavy in the wild is prone to aerial predators, fleas and even poisoned foliage so similar concerns exist for pet cavies. To insure safety, guinea pigs should never be left unattended. Also, if any sort of treatment has been given to foliage or lawn grass, then consider it unsafe for guinea pigs and do not take them outside to graze. Cavies are prone to heatstroke, so extremely hot temperatures should be avoided. If all safety measures are observed then a herd may enjoy a pleasant day grazing on fresh grass and clover.
Guinea pig care is high maintenance and requires special considerations given their unique diet and needs. While cavy care is not to be ventured into lightly, with the proper research even a novice may consider owning these pocket pet gems.
Adopting a pet and introducing it to existing pets and family is a lot easier than one might think. Rescue pets do pose some difficulties, however. The lack of history means that the new family has no idea what their new pet might have survived and what emotional scars it may have.
Integrating a new pet has three common characteristics: introduce pets and family slowly, exercise some patience, and show them lots of love. Of course, young kittens and puppies rarely have issues that are not easily forgotten. Chances are the shelter or rescue they were adopted from has taken good care of them and they still view life as a series of fun occurrences.
Introducing Pets and Family
It’s important to isolate the new pet for a couple of days so they can acclimate to the way their new house works. All of the sounds and smells are new and unfamiliar, and it’s important to give them some time to figure out that the new sounds and smells don’t mean danger. It also gives the new owner an opportunity to bond with the new pet without outside interference from other pets.
It’s a good idea not to overwhelm a new pet with too many hands at once. The best method to introduce the whole family to the new pet is to take turns as individuals at first, and then as small groups. After the first three-four days, a supervised visit between existing pets should occur.
Be prepared for the pets to exhibit territorial behavior, like raised fur, hissing or growling. This is common and is not cause for alarm. If the new pets charge at each other, however, it indicates issues that will only work out over time, if at all.
Supervised visits should continue until the new pet exhibits an interest in what is outside their isolation room. When they do exhibit an interest, it’s advisable to supervise their first trip out into the house. The presence of a familiar person provides comfort and safety to the new pet. Over time, probably just a few days, the new pet will discover the whole house and work out their place in the house with both their new family and new furry friends.
The key component to a successful adoption, whether from a rescue organization or a shelter, is patience. The adopted pet frequently has no idea that they are in a safe environment, and that people mean them no harm. Experience has taught them that both good people and safe environments are few and far between.
If the adopted pet exhibits a lot of fear such as not coming out from under the bed or runs or cowers when someone stands or make sudden movements, try a food or toy as positive reinforcement. The goal is to teach the pet that they are safe, and sometimes it takes a really long time. Again, having no idea what life experience has taught the new pet, it takes time to determine what will make them feel safe and loved.
Lots of Love
Feeling safe and loved is the key to earning the new pet’s trust. Just like human beings, pets blossom when they can be themselves without fear of extreme repercussion or punishment. That’s not to say punishments for bad behavior are not a good idea.
Finding an appropriate punishment that allows the pet to feel safe while allowing their new owners to set boundaries for good behavior may sound daunting. When adopting a rescue dog, it is relatively easy to determine what their tolerance for punishment is. And dogs forgive easily. When adopting a rescue cat, common complaints are inappropriate scratching, door dashing or getting on the countertops.
For both rescue cats and dogs, a water sprayer, such as those found at Lowe’s, Ace Hardware or Home Depot, is an effective method of punishment that separates the punisher from the punishment. This is particularly important when earning trust.
Making sure an adopted pet feels safe and secure is the key to adoption success. Eating, drinking and using the restroom within the first 24 hours is an immediate sign of settling in, but long term success is dependent upon patience and trust. Earning that trust may seem difficult at first and integration can be inconvenient, but the results are a happy pet that has moved past whatever their life was before entering rescue or the shelter.